@Entity設置實體lazy = false

问题描述

在通过Hibernate查询Bean信息时报以下异常信息:

org.hibernate.LazyInitializationException: could not initialize proxy - no Session
at org.hibernate.proxy.AbstractLazyInitializer.initialize(AbstractLazyInitializer.java:132)
at org.hibernate.proxy.AbstractLazyInitializer.getImplementation(AbstractLazyInitializer.java:174)
at org.hibernate.proxy.pojo.javassist.JavassistLazyInitializer.invoke(JavassistLazyInitializer.java:190)
at com.test.model.User_$$_javassist_0.toString(User_$$_javassist_0.java)
at java.lang.String.valueOf(String.java:2854)
at java.io.PrintStream.println(PrintStream.java:821)
at com.test.juniTest.otherTest.findUserById(otherTest.java:91)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:57)
at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:606)
at org.junit.runners.model.FrameworkMethod$1.runReflectiveCall(FrameworkMethod.java:47)
at org.junit.internal.runners.model.ReflectiveCallable.run(ReflectiveCallable.java:12)
at org.junit.runners.model.FrameworkMethod.invokeExplosively(FrameworkMethod.java:44)
at org.junit.internal.runners.statements.InvokeMethod.evaluate(InvokeMethod.java:17)
at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.statements.RunBeforeTestMethodCallbacks.evaluate(RunBeforeTestMethodCallbacks.java:74)
at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.statements.RunAfterTestMethodCallbacks.evaluate(RunAfterTestMethodCallbacks.java:83)
at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.statements.SpringRepeat.evaluate(SpringRepeat.java:72)
at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.java:231)
at org.junit.runners.BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.java:50)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$3.run(ParentRunner.java:238)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$1.schedule(ParentRunner.java:63)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.runChildren(ParentRunner.java:236)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.access$(ParentRunner.java:53)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$2.evaluate(ParentRunner.java:229)
at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.statements.RunBeforeTestClassCallbacks.evaluate(RunBeforeTestClassCallbacks.java:61)
at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.statements.RunAfterTestClassCallbacks.evaluate(RunAfterTestClassCallbacks.java:71)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.run(ParentRunner.java:309)
at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.run(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.java:174)
at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit4.runner.JUnit4TestReference.run(JUnit4TestReference.java:50)
at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.TestExecution.run(TestExecution.java:38)
at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.runTests(RemoteTestRunner.java:459)
at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.runTests(RemoteTestRunner.java:675)
at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.run(RemoteTestRunner.java:382)
at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.main(RemoteTestRunner.java:192)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

分析:这错误很常见,字面意义就是不能被初始化,因为session已经关闭了。简单理解就是因为,你使用了lazy=true,这样hibernate在从数据库中调数据的时候是不会把关联的对象查出来的,而是保存一个获取值得方法,在你使用getXXX()调用的时候,hiberante会利用这个保存的方法去从数据库中取数据。而往往我们在jsp页面中使用getXXX()准备展示数据的时候,session早已经在dao中就关闭了,如果是实体Bean是通过注解模式被注入的(配置模式不再此文讨论范围内),则解决方法如下:

测试类:

@RunWith(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.class)
@ContextConfiguration(locations={"file:WebContent/WEB-INF/applicationContext2.xml"})    
public class otherTest{

    @Autowired
    private HibernateTemplate hibernateTemplate;

// 必须设置set方法 public void setHibernateTemplate(HibernateTemplate hibernateTemplate) { this.hibernateTemplate = hibernateTemplate; } //通过id查询指定用户 //注意:需在User设置@org.hibernate.annotations.Proxy(lazy = false) @Test public void findUserById(){ User u= hibernateTemplate.load(User.class, 31); System.out.println(u);//User [id=31, username=王大大3, password=, email=wql025@sina.com] } }

实体Bean

@Entity
@Table(name="t_user")
@org.hibernate.annotations.Proxy(lazy = false)//设置立即加载
public class User {
    private int id;
    private String username;
    private String password;
    private String email;
    
    @GeneratedValue
    @Id
    public int getId() {
        return id;
    }
    public void setId(int id) {
        this.id = id;
    }
    
    @NotEmpty(message="用户名不能为空")
    public String getUsername() {
        return username;
    }
    
    public void setUsername(String username) {
        this.username = username;
    }
    @Size(min=1,max=10,message="密码的长度应该在1和10之间")
    public String getPassword() {
        return password;
    }
    public void setPassword(String password) {
        this.password = password;
    }
    @Email(message="邮箱格式不正确")
    public String getEmail() {
        return email;
    }
    public void setEmail(String email) {
        this.email = email;
    }
    public User(String username, String password, String email) {
        super();
        this.username = username;
        this.password = password;
        this.email = email;
    }
    
    public User(){}
    @Override
    public String toString() {
        return "User [id=" + id + ", username=" + username + ", password="
                + password + ", email=" + email + "]";
    }
    
    
}

附:如果是配置模式,解决方法参考下文:

http://blog.csdn.net/s_good/article/details/7411642

鸣谢:http://bbs.csdn.net/topics/390522138

更多相关文章
一周排行